For the purposes of this code, the following words and phrases shall have these meanings.
Approved. Approved as to materials, method of construction and other requirements of this code, refers to approval by the building official as the result of investigation and tests conducted by him or by reason of accepted principles or tests by national authorities, technical or scientific organizations.
Attic. The space between the ceiling joists and the roof deck.
Basement. That portion of a building between floor and ceiling which is partly below and partly above grade but so located that the vertical distance from grade to the floor below is less than the vertical distance from grade to ceiling.
Building. A building or structure, or portion thereof, which is used, designed or intended to be used for human habitation, for living, sleeping, cooking or eating purposes or a combination thereof.
Building, existing. A building erected prior to the adoption of this code, or one for which a legal building permit has been issued.
Building official. The person designated by the city manager to enforce the provisions of the city weatherization code.
Caulking. Pliable materials used to reduce the passage of air and moisture by filling small gaps, including:
(a) at fixed joints on a building;
(b) underneath baseboards inside a building;
(c) exterior walls at electric outlets;
(d) around pipes and wires entering a building; and
(e) around dryer vents and exhaust fans in exterior walls.
Caulking includes, but is not limited to, weather-resistant materials commonly known as “sealants,” “putty,” and “glazing compounds.”
Conditioned space. An area, room, or place normally occupied, heated or cooled.
Covered residential building. An existing building used for habitation, either seasonally or permanently, by one or more persons, containing four or fewer dwelling units, which was constructed with a building permit issued prior to July 1, 1974, or which was built prior to July 1, 1974.
Crawlspace. The enclosed space between the first floor and the surface of the ground.
Domestic water heater. An appliance designed primarily to supply hot water and equipped with automatic controls limiting water temperature to a maximum of 210 degrees Fahrenheit.
Dwelling unit. One or more habitable rooms which are occupied or which are intended or designed to be occupied by one family with facilities for living, sleeping, cooking, and eating.
Family. An individual or two or more persons related by blood or marriage, or a group of not more than five persons (excluding servants) who need not be related by blood or marriage, living together in a dwelling unit.
Habitable room. A room meeting the requirements of this code for sleeping, living, cooking or eating purposes; excluding such enclosed spaces as closets, pantries, bath or toilet rooms, service rooms, connecting corridors, laundries, unfinished attics, foyers, storage spaces, utility rooms and similar spaces.
Insulation. Any material or assembly of materials used primarily to provide resistance to heat flow in buildings, including, but not limited to mineral fibrous, mineral cellular, organic fibrous, organic cellular, or reflective materials, whether in loose fill, flexible, or semi-rigid form.
Joist. A series of parallel framing members used to support floor or ceiling loads and supported in turn by larger beams, girders, or bearing walls.
Owner. The owner or owners of the freehold of the premises or any lesser estate therein, a mortgagee or vendee in possession, an assignee for rents, receiver, executor, trustee, lessee or other person, firm or corporation in control of a building.
“R” value. Measure of resistance to heat flow through a material or the reciprocal of the heat flow through a material expressed in British Thermal Units per hour per square foot per degree Fahrenheit at 75 degrees Fahrenheit mean temperature. This definition is intended to produce the same results as Section 5202 of the State Structural Specialty Code.
Structure. That which is built or constructed, an edifice or building of any kind or any piece of work artificially built up or composed of parts joined together in some definite manner.
Weather stripping. Narrow strips of material placed over or in movable joints of windows and doors to reduce the passage of air and moisture.
Window. A glazed opening, including glazed doors, which open upon a yard, court or recess from a court, or a vent shaft open and unobstructed to the sky.