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(1) Dimensions and Striping. All parking spaces shall be striped or marked in a manner consistent with Table 9.6420(1) Motor Vehicle Parking Dimensions. All tandem parking spaces shall be striped and marked in a manner consistent with Table 9.6420(1) Motor Vehicle Parking Dimensions for Tandem Parking. (See Figure 9.6420(1) Motor Vehicle Parking Dimensions.)

(a) Carpool and Vanpool Parking. New commercial and employment and industrial developments with 20 or more employee parking spaces shall designate at least 5 percent of the employee parking spaces for carpool or vanpool parking. Employee carpool and vanpool parking shall be located closer to the building entrance or the employee entrance than other employee parking with the exception of parking for those with disability permits. The carpool/vanpool spaces shall be clearly marked "Reserved – Carpool/Vanpool Only" by use of signs painted on the parking spaces or posted.

Table 9.6420(1) Motor Vehicle Parking Dimensions

(Dimensions in Feet)

Parking Angle in Degrees

Minimum Stall Width

Minimum Stall Depth

Minimum Clear Aisle Width

Stall Distance at Bayside

Minimum Clear Bay Width

Parallel

8.0

7.5

12.0

15.0

19.5

8.0

8.0

12.0

22.0

20.0

30 degrees/single

8.0

*14

12.0

15.0

26.0

8.0

16.0

12.0

16.0

28.0

8.5

16.4

12.0

17.0

28.4

9.0

16.8

12.0

18.0

28.8

9.5

17.3

12.0

19.0

29.3

10.0

17.7

12.0

20.0

29.7

30 degrees/tandem

8.0

30.8

12.0

15.0

8.0

32.0

12.0

16.0

8.5

32.8

12.0

17.0

9.0

33.6

12.0

18.0

9.5

34.6

12.0

19.0

10.0

35.4

12.0

20.0

45 degrees/single

8.0

*16.0

12.0

10.6

28.0

8.0

18.4

14.0

11.3

32.4

8.5

18.7

13.5

12.0

32.2

9.0

19.1

13.0

12.7

32.1

9.5

19.4

13.0

13.4

32.4

10.0

19.8

13.0

14.1

32.8

45 degrees/tandem

8.0

35.1

12.0

10.6

8.0

36.8

14.0

11.3

8.5

37.4

13.5

12.0

9.0

38.2

13.0

12.7

9.5

38.8

13.0

13.4

10.0

39.6

13.0

14.1

60 degrees/single

8.0

*16.7

15.0

8.6

31.7

8.0

19.7

19.0

9.2

38.7

8.5

20.0

18.5

9.8

38.5

9.0

20.3

18.0

10.4

38.3

9.5

20.5

18.0

11.0

38.5

10.0

20.8

18.0

11.5

38.8

60 degrees/tandem

8.0

37.0

15.0

8.6

8.0

39.4

19.0

9.2

8.5

40.0

18.5

9.8

9.0

40.6

18.0

10.4

9.5

41.0

18.0

11.0

10.0

41.6

18.0

11.5

90 degrees/single

8.0

*15.0

22.0

8.0

37.0

8.0

18.0

25.0

8.0

43.0

8.5

18.0

25.0

8.5

43.0

9.0

18.0

24.0

9.0

42.0

9.5

18.0

24.0

9.5

42.0

10.0

18.0

24.0

10.0

42.0

90 degrees/tandem

8.0

33.0

22.0

8.0

8.0

36.0

25.0

8.0

8.5

36.0

25.0

8.5

9.0

36.0

24.0

9.0

9.5

36.0

24.0

9.5

10.0

36.0

24.0

10.0

Shaded figures are the minimum dimensions for compact parking spaces. Any minimum parking dimensions, such as stall width, may be exceeded. All spaces shall be clearly marked as compact parking spaces if any of the parking dimensions are less than that shown in the unshaded area. All tandem spaces must be marked as such.

* For non-parallel parking spaces that are created to serve a multi-family dwelling and that are located directly off an alley with a right-of-way width of 14-feet or less, the minimum stall depth for compact parking space shall be increased to the minimum stall depth indicated for a non-compact space with a minimum stall width of 8-feet.

(2) Drainage. All parking areas, except those in conjunction with a single family or two family dwelling, shall be graded so as not to drain storm water over the public sidewalk or onto any abutting property. Drainage improvements shall be provided as required by the stormwater provisions of EC 9.6790 to 9.6797.

(3) Landscape Standards.

(a) Applicability of Parking Area Landscape Standards.

1. General Provisions. Subject to any exceptions therein, the standards in subparagraphs (b) – (e) apply to all parking areas, including carports, that provide for 3 or more spaces except for the following:

a. A parking area for a one-family dwelling, accessory dwelling, duplex, or rowhouse.

b. A structured parking area. See subsection (3)(f).

c. A legal non-conforming parking area. See subsection (3)(a)(2).

2. Provisions Applicable to Legal Non-Conforming Parking Areas. Parking areas with legal non-conforming landscaping are subject to the following parking area landscape standards:

a. When a new building is constructed, the parking area landscape standards in subparagraphs (b) – (e) shall apply to a portion of the parking area sufficient to meet the requirements of EC 9.6410(3) Minimum Number of Required Off-Street Parking Spaces and to any additional parking area proposed by the applicant to serve the entire building.

b. When a building is expanded, the parking area landscape standards in subparagraphs (b) – (e) shall apply to a portion of the parking area that is sufficient to meet the requirements of EC 9.6410(3) Minimum Number of Required Off-Street Parking Spaces for the expanded area of the building and to any additional parking area proposed by the applicant to serve the expanded area of the building.

c. When a legal non-conforming parking area is physically expanded in size (not simply changed to increase, decrease, or reconfigure the number of parking spaces) the parking area landscape standards in subparagraphs (b) – (e) shall apply only to the expanded portion of the parking area.

d. When a legal non-conforming gravel parking area is paved, the parking area landscape standards in subparagraphs (b) – (e) shall apply only to the paved portion of the parking area.

(b) General Parking Area Landscape Standards. Canopy trees shall be required at the minimum rate of 1 tree for every 3,000 square feet of paved vehicular use areas on the site and shall be distributed throughout the site. Except within /TD overlay zone areas, trees shall be planted in a landscaped area such that the tree trunk is at least 3 feet from any outside curb edge or paved area. Within /TD overlay zone areas, the tree shall be planted at least 2 feet from any outside curb edge or paved area. Vehicular use areas include parking spaces, driveways, interior roadways, loading areas, and fleet vehicle storage areas. Large-scale coniferous trees may be substituted for required canopy trees at a maximum rate of 10 percent. Parking area screening requirements may be achieved through a combination of change of grade and use of plant materials. The use of berms or drainage swales is acceptable, as is lowering the grade of the parking area.

(c) Parking Area Landscaping Along Street and Driveway Entrances.

1. Parking areas within 50’ of a street, except an alley, shall provide a landscape strip between the street and the parking areas as follows:

a. In all areas except in the /TD overlay zone, a landscape strip at least 7 feet in width shall be provided.

b. Within a /TD overlay zone, a landscape strip at least 5 feet in width shall be provided.

c. Landscape strips along a street may be pierced by pedestrian and vehicular accessways. Landscape strips along a street shall be landscaped according to the standards in EC 9.6210(2) Low Screen Landscape Standard (L-2). (See Figure 9.6420(3)(c)1. Parking Area Landscaping Along a Street and Figure 9.6420(3)(c)2. Parking Area Landscaping Along a Driveway Entrance.)

2. Parking area driveway entrances, except at alleys, shall be provided with a landscape strip at least 7 feet in width, measured from the outside edges of 6 inch wide curbs, and the full length of the parking stall, between the entry drive and the parking area to heighten entryway visibility and improve parking area circulation. Entrance driveway landscape strips shall be landscaped according to the standards in EC 9.6210(2) Low Screen Landscape Standard (L-2) except the height of the low screen within vision clearance area shall not exceed 18 inches. (See Figure 9.6420(3)(c)2. Parking Area Landscaping Along a Driveway Entrance.)

(d) Perimeter Parking Area Landscaping.

1. Along the perimeter of the parking area, except for developments within a /TD overlay zone, a landscape strip, at least 7 feet in width, measured from the outside edge of a 6 inch wide curb, shall be provided. The landscape strip may be pierced by pedestrian and vehicular accessways. Where abutting lots share parking and/or loading areas, the perimeter of these shared areas shall be considered the outside of the functional areas. Perimeter landscaping shall not be required along the interior lot lines of the 2 lots that are sharing parking and/or loading areas.

2. On development sites 22,000 square feet or larger with a /TD overlay zone, parking lots abutting an interior lot line, other than an alley, shall provide a landscape strip, at least 5 feet in width measured from the outside edge of a 6 inch wide curb, between the property line and the parking area. Development sites less than 22,000 square feet with the /TD overlay zone are not required to provide perimeter parking area landscaping.

3. All parking areas shall provide perimeter landscaping according to the following standards:

a. Parking areas adjacent to property that is zoned residentially shall provide perimeter landscaping along interior yards according to EC 9.6210(3) High Screen Landscape Standard (L-3). Where loading areas abut property zoned residentially, a barrier shall be provided between the 2 uses according to EC 9.6210(4) High Wall Standard (L-4).

b. Parking areas adjacent to property that is not zoned residential shall provide perimeter landscaping according to EC 9.6210(2) Low Screen Landscape Standard (L-2).

(e) Interior Parking Area Landscaping. In addition to the landscaping required in subsections (c) and (d), landscaping that meets the 70% landscape coverage requirement consistent with L-2 standards (See Figure 9.6420(3)(e)3. Parking Area Interior Planting Islands) shall be provided within the interior of surface parking areas for 50 or more motor vehicles so as to improve the visual qualities of these areas, delineate and define circulation movements of motorists and pedestrians, improve air quality, and encourage energy conservation by moderating parking area microclimates.

1. Parking area landscaping shall be provided according to Table 9.6420(3)(e) Interior Parking Area Landscaping.

Table 9.6420(3)(e) Interior Parking Area Landscaping

Total Number of Spaces in Parking Area

Minimum Interior Parking Area Landscape Area

50 to 99 spaces

15 square feet per parking space

100 or more spaces

22 square feet per parking space

2. A continuous landscape strip or raised pedestrian path shall be provided between every 4 rows of parking. The landscape strip or pedestrian path shall be a minimum of 7 feet in width, measured from the outside edge of a 6 inch wide curb. (See Figure 9.6420(3)(e)2. Interior Parking Area Landscaping.)

3. Planting islands shall be provided at the ends of each parking row and at intervals within parking rows so that no parking stall is more than 45 feet from a planting island. Planting islands shall be at least 7 feet in width, as measured from the outside edge of a 6 inch wide curb, and a minimum area of 140 square feet. Each of these islands shall provide at least 1 canopy tree. (See Figure 9.6420(3)(e)3. Parking Area Interior Planting Islands.)

(f) Structured Parking.

1. Along the perimeter of the non-commercial portion of structured parking, a landscape strip, a minimum of 5 feet in width, shall be provided between the property line and the structure wall. Perimeter landscaping along interior yards is exempt from this requirement, if the proposed structure will be less than 15’ from an existing structure measured across the common interior property line. This standard does not apply to property lines abutting an alley.

2. Structured parking landscape strips shall be planted with shrubs and trees according to EC 9.6210(3) High Screen Landscape Standard (L-3).

(4) Lighting. Parking area lights shall conform with the standards in EC 9.6725 Outdoor Lighting Standards.

(5) Loading and Service Drives.

(a) When 3 or more parking spaces or 1 or more loading spaces are provided on a development site, except those in conjunction with one-family or two-family residences on a single lot and those located along alleys, they all shall be served by a service drive so that no backward movement or other maneuvering of a vehicle within a street will be required. Service drives shall be designed and constructed to facilitate the flow of traffic, provide safety for traffic ingress and egress, and safety of pedestrian and vehicular traffic on the site. In no case shall two-way and one-way driveways be less than 20 feet wide and 12 feet wide respectively. Up to 2 existing parking spaces serving an existing one – or two-family residence are not included in the total number of spaces at the time of redevelopment, if the existing spaces are in a different location than new parking spaces and the one – and two-family residences will remain on the development site.

(b) No service drive is required for parking spaces located along alleys.

(6) Surfacing and Bumpers.

(a) All parking areas that contain 3 or more parking spaces, access aisles, service drives, or loading areas on a development site, except those in conjunction with one-family or two-family residences, shall have a durable, dust-free surfacing of asphaltic concrete, Portland cement concrete or other approved materials. Other approved materials may include pervious paving materials.

(b) Areas on a development site used for the outdoor sale of vehicles are required to be paved, except for areas used for the sales or storage of tracked heavy equipment, mobile homes, or manufactured homes. A paved access aisle a minimum of 12 feet in width is required adjacent to all unpaved long-term vehicle storage spaces.

(c) All parking areas that contain 3 or more parking spaces on a development site or have outdoor vehicle sales, except those required in conjunction with a 1 family or 2 family dwelling, shall provide a substantial bumper at least 2 feet from the protected area that will prevent vehicles from encroachment on abutting property or into required landscape beds or required pedestrian paths.

(Section 9.6420, see chart at front of Chapter 9 for legislative history from 2/26/01 through 6/1/02; amended by Ordinance No. 20285, enacted March 10, 2003, effective April 9, 2003; Ordinance No. 20353, enacted November 28, 2005, effective January 1, 2006; Ordinance No. 20369, enacted June 14, 2006, effective July 14, 2006; Ordinance No. 20447, enacted December 14, 2009, effective January 16, 2010; Ordinance No. 20528, enacted May 14, 2014, effective June 23, 2014; Ordinance No. 20594, enacted June 11, 2018, effective July 1, 2018, remanded on November 29, 2018, and provisions administratively removed; and Ordinance No. 20625, enacted January 21, 2020, effective February 22, 2020.)