(1) Purpose of Pedestrian Circulation On-Site. These standards are intended to provide safe and efficient circulation for pedestrians within all developments.
(2) Applicability of Standards. As more specifically provided in this section, the standards in this section apply to any development that creates a new building entrance, but not to a building alteration or change in use.
(a) In any zone, except I-2 and I-3, on-site pedestrian paths shall be constructed in the following cases for institutional, office, commercial and employment and industrial development:
1. Between all new building entrances and all streets adjacent to the development site. On-site pedestrian paths shall be designed and constructed to provide a direct connection to existing public right-of-way and public accessways.
2. To connect any new building entrances on a development site to all other new and existing building entrances on the same development site, except entrances used primarily for loading and unloading freight.
3. Along the exterior walls of new buildings greater than 100 feet in length when the wall of the building is located next to a street, parking lot or when a public entrance or entrances are located on the edge of the building, except in the following cases:
a. When the edge of a building is within 20 feet of a public sidewalk and the building entrance is connected to the public sidewalk by an on-site pedestrian facility, no on-site pedestrian facility on the edge of the building adjacent to the sidewalk is required.
b. When the edge of the building is bordered by a perimeter of landscaping which does not exceed 30 feet in width, and an on-site pedestrian facility is constructed at the edge of the landscaping, no on-site pedestrian facility immediately adjacent to the landscaped building edge is required.
4. To connect institutional, office, commercial and employment and industrial uses on the development site to adjacent existing or planned institutional, office, commercial or employment and industrial uses, and to existing or planned transit stops, schools, or neighborhood parks where the addition of on-site pedestrian paths would reduce walking or cycling distance between the uses by 200 feet and by at least 50 percent over other available pedestrian routes.
5. Along any development site, an on-site pedestrian facility connecting the street to the main building(s) shall be provided for every 300 feet of street frontage or for every 8 rows of vehicle parking, or for whichever standard requires the most on-site pedestrian paths.
(b) In employment and industrial developments on E-1 zoned property, on-site pedestrian paths shall be constructed in the following cases:
1. Between the main building entrance and all streets adjacent to the development site. On-site pedestrian paths shall be designed and constructed to provide a direct connection to existing public right-of-way and public accessways.
2. To connect the main building entrance on the development site to adjacent existing or planned office, commercial or employment and industrial uses, and to existing or planned transit stops where the addition of the on-site pedestrian facility would reduce walking or cycling distance between the uses by 200 feet and by at least 50 percent over other available pedestrian routes.
(c) In all zones, on-site pedestrian paths shall be constructed within new multiple-family residential developments with 3 or more units to insure that access is provided:
1. From every unit to all other units within the residential development.
2. From every unit to all laundry, recreational and other community facilities in the residential development.
3. From every building located within 40 feet of a public or private street to the street right-of-way line.
(3) Design of On-Site Pedestrian Facilities. All on-site pedestrian paths provided for the purposes of complying with this land use code shall conform with the following standards:
(a) On-site pedestrian paths shall provide direct access from public ways to building entrances.
(b) On-site pedestrian paths shall be constructed of concrete, a comparable hard surface material, or any properly designed pervious surface that complies with the Americans with Disabilities Act.
(c) On-site pedestrian paths shall be raised to standard curb height when adjacent to public and private streets or driveways.
(d) On-site pedestrian paths intersected by driving aisles shall be marked with striping or constructed with a contrasting paving material to indicate a pedestrian crossing area.
(e) Pedestrian scale lighting in conformance with the standards in EC 9.6725 Outdoor Lighting Standards shall be provided along pedestrian facilities.
(4) Adjustment. These standards may be adjusted if consistent with the criteria of EC 9.8030(22).