(1) Transportation and Parking Element.
(a) If additional multi-level parking structures are necessary, they should be designed for safety, efficiency, and compatibility with surroundings, taking into account the effect on residential areas, including traffic, visual, noise, and artificial lighting impacts, and design for possible later conversion to other uses should be encouraged. (Policy 6)
(b) The use of bicycles should be encouraged in the following ways:
1. Businesses and major employers should provide secure, convenient covered bicycle parking.
(2) Public Facilities and Services Element.
(a) In the provision of services and facilities in the plan area, special recognition and consideration shall be given to the need for retaining and upgrading the livability of this densely populated and centrally located area that contains concentrations of persons with special needs, particularly renters, students, low-income persons, group home residents, handicapped persons, and the elderly. (Policy 5)
(b) Adequate lighting for nighttime walking and bicycling and to reduce the fear of crime shall be developed and maintained. (Policy 8)
(c) Additional usable open space and recreation facilities shall be developed in the West University Neighborhood. (Policy 9)
(3) Neighborhood Design Elements.
(a) Elements that enhance neighborhood identity, character, or the “image” of the plan area, as well as livability, shall be maintained and/or encouraged whenever possible. Examples include:
2. Small, intensely developed open spaces.
3. Street trees.
4. Street furniture.
6. Small-scale businesses including street vendors.
7. Alley cottages.
8. Older homes.
9. Ornamental paving.
10. A distinctive street lighting system.
11. Solar energy.
12. Mass transit use.
13. Mixed-use buildings.
14. Community gardens.
15. Pitched roofs, wood-framed windows, wood exterior siding. (Policy 1)
(b) Elements that are detrimental to neighborhood identity, character, and livability, such as large parking facilities and the use of motor vehicles, shall be discouraged. (Policy 2)
(c) The City shall continue to implement a program of historic preservation to identify and restore structures and other landmarks of historic significance in the plan area. (Policy 3)
(d) The City shall encourage preservation of existing older structures in the plan area that merit saving because of structural soundness or historic or architectural merit, using methods such as rehabilitation and housemoving. (Policy 4)
(e) Design elements that encourage walking, such as pedestrian paths, street trees, benches, low-level lighting, trash cans, mailboxes, and planters shall be encouraged. (Policy 5)
(f) Care shall be taken to maintain or improve pedestrian and bike crossings on streets that form edges or barriers. (Policy 6)
(g) The City shall protect and enhance the Millrace and Amazon Creek. (Policy 7)
(h) The City shall study the feasibility of connecting the Millrace and Amazon Creek with a canal that would provide opportunities for site repair, redevelopment, flood control, recreation, transportation, and improving the environment. (Policy 8)
(i) The City shall recognize that in order to best use scarce open space in the plan area, certain streets shall be considered for recreational and other uses. Note: It will be necessary for the City to take specific steps to legally authorize the use of streets for non-transportation purposes and to minimize liability. (Policy 9)
(j) Certain streets (see Street Design Map) will become a woonerf area and will be developed by the City or private developers for shared use by pedestrians, bicycles, and local automobile traffic. This concept will be implemented incrementally over time to test its feasibility. The woonerf treatments will not be applied to the bordering arterial streets – 18th, 13th, Patterson, and High – and thus will provide an incentive for traffic to use those arterials. The woonerf concept is not the same and should not be confused with street diverters or barricades. It will not restrict access to any area within its boundaries. Initial implementation could include:
1. Through automobile traffic should be limited or excluded; vehicles whose origin or destination is in the woonerf should be permitted.
2. Entrances and exits to the woonerf should be easily distinguishable from other streets, using more than just traffic signs.
3. The number of parking spaces may be restricted, but must be sufficient for the needs of the residents.
4. Recreation facilities such as basketball hoops, picnic facilities, and street games should be available to encourage diverse use of the public rights-of-way.
See also the [indented] note under Policy 9 in this element. (Policy 10)
(k) If experience shows that the woonerf concept works in this neighborhood, then more extensive and permanent street treatments will be implemented as funding permits. These may include:
1. Permanent recreation facilities.
2. Roadways that are narrowed and identified by special paving with the passage or two cars permitted by the use of pull-out areas.
3. Design details and street furniture that serve the residents of the area.
4. Community gardens.
5. Clustered parking. (Policy 11)
(4) Land Use – Housing and Commerce Element.
(a) The City shall develop mechanisms for shared planning and/or consolidation of small parcels under multiple ownership for development so that better site planning and use can occur. Results might include shared parking, better sun exposure for solar energy use, shared open space, and saving mature vegetation. (Policy 4)
(b) Efforts shall be made to save existing structures that merit saving because of structural soundness and/or historical significance. (Policy 7)
(c) Efforts shall be made to save existing residential structures in the plan area. These efforts shall include rehabilitation, housemoving, and infilling. (Policy 8)
(d) The City will encourage residential uses in all parts of the plan area. The intent of this policy is to provide housing opportunities in all zoning districts in the plan area, but not to the exclusion of other uses in non-residential zones. (Policy 9)
(e) The City and the neighborhood groups will encourage and promote owner occupancy in the plan area. (Policy 10)
(f) The City shall encourage housing that is wheelchair-accessible. (Policy 13)
(g) The City shall prevent the number and scale of group care facilities from becoming so concentrated in the plan area that 1) the area loses its attractiveness as a residential setting and 2) the residents of group care homes are no longer living in a residential setting. (Policy 14)
(h) The City will assist the health care and education industries to grow and to continue to provide services and employment to the extent allowed by balancing all City goals, recognizing that they are important contributors to the local economy. (Policy 19)
(i) All new development in the R-4 zoned land north of 13th Avenue in the plan area shall be subject to site review so that it is efficient, workable, safe, compatible with surroundings, and considerate of historic and natural features. (Policy 21)
(j) New clinics shall not be allowed in the residentially zoned areas south of 13th Avenue in this plan area. (Policy 22)
(k) Commercially zoned property in the plan area shall be used more intensely in the future. (Policy 24)